How buried utility detection works ?

Principle of buried utility detection and How cable locators work?

Undertaking any excavation will inevitably bring site workers into close proximity to underground utilities (electricity, gas, telecommunications, and waterline). Consideration should always be given to knowing the exact location of all buried utilities before and during the excavation process in Delhi and all over India.

To safeguard against utility strikes to underground waterline pipe and cable, a professional general purpose robust cable locator is used for detecting the presence and proximity of buried utilities locator in India.

When an alternating current (AC) travels along a cable, an electromagnetic field is generated. The alternating current not only creates a magnetic field but also the oscillation of the current between positive and negative creates a frequency known as Hertz (Hz). The electromagnetic field generated by an AC current can be detected by a cable locator, such as the Leica Digicat 550i.

There are two main detection principles:

  • Passive location – Used to locate an electromagnetic field already present on a underground  utility
  • Active location – Adds a specific signal using a signal transmitter onto a located underground  gas pipe, cable & waterline utility

Passive Location

Some signals may already be present on a buried utility, either through signals radiating off a power cable or the re-radiation of a radio signals induced onto the utility from a radio transmitter.

Principles behind Power Mode

When an AC current travels along the utility it generates an electromagnetic signal. Using a cable locator (Leica Digicat 550i), a surveyor can detect the buried cable’s position by searching for the electromagnetic field.

Locating electrical cables using a cable locator on its own will only allow the operator to detect utilities with a live current, like a street light cable during the night. However, when lights are turned off, no current flows and the buried electrical cable is not detectable using a professional general purpose even with robust cable locator in India too.

Principles of Radio Mode

Low frequency long wave radio signals transmitted from a radio mast can pass into the ground, inducing a signal onto metallic utilities. The utilities re-emit these signals and they can be located and traced using a cable locator in RADIO mode.

Principles behind Auto Mode

Leica Digicat cable locators feature Auto mode, combining the benefit of simultaneous detection in Power and Radio modes. Auto mode


helps confirm the presence of utilities like


Waterline locator services and underground utility detection equipment Delhi and India

Active Location

Up to 60% of buried utilities could be missed when detecting in passive modes alone. Just because they are not detected in a simple sweep, does not mean they are not there and it is safe to excavate.

A robust professional general purpose signal cable locator and signal transmitter (Leica Digitex t100) in India will significantly improve the detection process. This small portable unit induces a signal to a cable or pipe, which can be traced by the underground pipe and cable locator in India.

Applying an active signal

A majority of professional buried utilities may not be detected by searching for passive signals using the locator on its own. These hidden utilities may not carry a live current or radiate radio signals, requiring a signal to be induced directly onto the utility to locate them. To detect these additional utilities, an electrical current or signal will need to be applied onto the buried metallic utility, which enables the utility to be traced and identified by the locator.

Induction mode

Induction is a quick and simple way to apply a signal to a utility without the need to make any physical connection. An internal aerial generates a magnetic field into the ground. Any buried metallic utilities routed within close proximity to the signal transmitter will be induced with the signal, allowing the utility to be located and traced with professional underground robust utility detection cable locator equipment in Delhi India.

Connection mode

This is the most efficient way of applying a signal to a utility and should be used whenever possible (especially when taking a depth reading). The output from the signal transmitter can be directly connected to a underground cable, waterline and gas pipe. A circuit is completed by a connection to an earth stake or ground connection point.

Applying a signal directly to the utility allows the operator to positively identify and trace its path.

Locating the signal

To detect the magnetic fields emitted from a buried utility, the locator uses aerials built up of wire wrapped around ferrite rods. The aerials are used to amplify the small electromagnetic signals emitted by the utility and to provide an input to the locator’s circuitry or exact position.

Leica Digicat professional easy to use locators feature an enhanced Signal Strength Indicator (SSI), a graphical display detailing the signal strength as a bar graph and a numerical SSI reading. The highest signal reading (peak response) is obtained when the utility is directly below the robust & professional locator.

We Team Leica (Hexagon) are only best and number one in underground cable locator equipment in India. We have professional general purpose industriously standard robust easy to use cable and waterline locator service in India.